Roger Penrose – “our big bang region”, modeling regions with high concentrations of quark gluon density voxels

Sir Roger Penrose – STORY OF THE UNIVERSE at

Roger Penrose, Blackboard and paper drawings are not as flexible as 3D simulations and visualizations. And both human modeling methods are way less than the raw data from sensors and sensor arrays. It is not hard (in a few years) to put radio and optical sensor arrays in the solar system (heliosphere) for high resolution 3D time of flight correlation imaging using gravitational and electromagnetic sensors. Even just Moon and Earth baselines focused on the sun and solar system magnetospheres, and nearby star surfaces will be useful.

Putting the “big bang” lower case, as a temporary model of what seemed reasonable from what we could measure a few decades ago, makes sense. The Universe upper case, can be trillions of year or more.

Looking inside black hole regions by modeling will be routine. Looking inside large central regions where optical frequencies are trapped, but gravity and long wave electromagnetic waves are not blocked, will be routine. Using more sensitive detectors for “speed of light and gravity” “time of flight” “correlation imaging” is just recognizing that statistical correlation is more fundamental than interferometry. The speed of light and gravity are identical, not just close. Analog to digital converters (ADCs) now allow GigaSamplesPerSecond and faster data collection, so that visualizing and calculating correlations from many widely separated sensors can be traced to any event in a volume of space at a specific time.

The speed of light and gravity can vary, but one can also let gravity change the index of refraction of the vacuum. It is just calculations, data and computer models. If the old ones are close, you use them. If the newer ones you can afford the computer, you use those. With computers and the Internet every one of the billions of humans using the Internet can see the raw data, see the models and visualizations and scenarios. And check the details. There are tens of thousands of humans working on sorting out what is happening in the Universe (upper case) which now goes orders of magnitude larger than what we had yesterday. Big deal, add a few Mega Giga Tera “big bangs”.

Check the resolution of a Mars Earth Moon orbit network of electromagnetic and gravitational sensor array. With atom interferometry, electron interferometry, to complement photon interferometry, low cost three axis and tensor arrays are possible and affordable. Work with wavelengths larger than the earth and carefully separate magnetic, gravitational, electromagnetic, flow and turbulence effects. We almost have most of the tools.

That old speed of light limit depends on a constraint that says the mass speed times the phase velocity is the speed of light squared. And now we can measure phase velocities precisely with gravitational and electromagnetic arrays across all frequencies from nanoHertz to gamma rays. Because there are associated events that can be modeled from the sources volumes at precise times, the slow variations are like orbits. They look big and soft, but have arbitrarily precise values that change in known ways over time.

These words are hard to use to draw pictures. YouTube does not allow sharing of symbolic equations, raw data, simulation and calibration tools, visualizati9ons of many kinds. I am recommending, from the Internet Foundation, that all groups using the Internet share in lossless, open, auditable, verifiable, accessible forms. Don’t share just the words about things, or the blackboard drawings and words, or papers about equations, papers about data — share the data itself, the models themselves — WHERE everyone can use the models and play with the scenarios, and see what works.

ONE gameboard helps with many situations where collaboration is needed. What the Internet shows is that the old “collaboration of a few ten thousand” like CERN or LIGO and others, is somewhat obsolete. What is needed, possible and increasingly happening is that “social media with millions, tens of millions, billions of humans is possible. If you pay attention to formats for sharing symbolic equations, models (algorithms in universal form), raw data from billions of sensors, and many kinds of immediately useable visualization tools.

My favorite example is FFT. Rather that telling a new person about a Fourier transform and “spectrum”, you let them drag their data onto the FFT and see the results. Play with it. Gravitational waves cover ALL frequencies. Not just a few limited by the choice of visible and near visible photons for the correlations. Using de Broglie wavelengths of electrons, protons, atoms, clusters, nanoparticles, larger and larger masses. They all can be precisely monitored for position. Differentiate and get velocity (seismometers), again for acceleration (gravimeters, accelerometer, vibration sensors, energy harvesters).

Roger, your pictures are OK, but ask the supercomputer groups to run some simulations of explosions of central black hole masses. Total conversion of mass to energy. If you want to give them a reason, say it is “a quark gluon condensation nova” as the gravitational, electromagnetic and kinetic energy density reaches the equation of state region for the quark gluon plasma where it will condense to a crystalline solid (there are MANY solutions that are not simple regular arrays). The conditions are going to not favor large regions, but the larger the black hole, the larger the content of quark gluon condensation regions and the higher the probability of detecting events inside the black holes.

The “black holes” are not singularities. They are stars with mass and considerable internal structure. They are stars or regions whose mass makes them invisible to some single frequency electromagnetic sensors, but not to correlation imaging, and not to gravitational and near field electromagnetic methods. If you look at videos and 3D simulations of the orbits of stars near our Milky Way black hole region, extend the orbits to follow them as they get closer. These tiny objects have LOTS of room to continue to orbit each other close and close. The objects are strong enough not to fall apart when they come near. They can collide and merge, they can nearly collide and one thrown far away.

The “big bang” region could be close to the conditions that the whole “our local big bang region” has enough mass to make it invisible to some electromagnetic sensors. But more likely those early “large galaxies” are an indication that there was a region where many galaxies merged, each with their own “dark, invisible, high energy density) regions.

Your pictures where the edges are ragged are NOT the best way to visualize. Let someone (there are lots of people who can help a Nobel prize winner) help you. Ask them to take some black hole regions with trillions of solar sized to larger black holes and merge and merge to get more density. Use simple 1/r^n models at longer ranges, then spherical harmonics, then full models as you get closer. Use magnetohydrodynamic and neutron star model methods or CERN can make you a quark gluon equation of state model. I follow lots of those kinds of things, but do not have time or access to use their data and tools.

ASK people to help you see things clearly. Don’t try to be the expert and rely on words and handwaving. Get them to do the damn models for you. And make sure they share with all 8 Billion humans, now and into the future.

Richard Collins, The Internet Foundation

Richard K Collins

About: Richard K Collins

Director, The Internet Foundation Studying formation and optimized collaboration of global communities. Applying the Internet to solve global problems and build sustainable communities. Internet policies, standards and best practices.

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